Zoology in the Middle East
Volume 65, Issue 1, 2019
0939-7140 (Print), 2326-2680 (Online)
© Taylor & Francis
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Covered in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE).
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The hypogean invertebrate fauna of Georgia (Caucasus)
Shalva Barjadze, Zezva Asanidze, Alexander Gavashelishvili and Felipe N. Soto-Adames
Information about the cave invertebrates of Georgia, Caucasus, is summarised, resulting in 43 troglo- and 43 stygobiont taxa reported from 64 caves. Species distribution analyses were conducted for 61 caves harbouring 58 invertebrate taxa, with the majority of caves (39) located in Apkhazeti (north-western Georgia). In 22 caves from central-west Georgia (Samegrelo, Imereti and Racha-Lechkhumi regions of west Georgia) 31 taxa are reported. Composition of cave fauna differed strongly between the caves in Apkhazeti and the central-west of Georgia. Only two taxa of the total 86 were shared, resulting in negligible similarity (Sørensen-Dice coefficient Ss=4.8%). Rarefaction indicated an increase in number of species with additional sampling could increase species richness from 58 to 76 for caves in Apkhazeti and from 31 to 69 for caves in central-west Georgia. These findings suggest that the low invertebrate species richness observed in caves of western Georgia is the result of insufficient sampling. A pairwise approach to analysing species co-occurrence showed ten positive spatial associations in 7 out of 86 cave species, all from Kveda Shakurani and Tsebelda caves. The species co-occurring in the same microhabitat require further study to understand their relationships.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 1-10.
Seasonal habitat selection and temporal activity patterns determine the structure of bat assemblages in Dhana Biosphere Reserve, Jordan (Mammalia: Chiroptera)
Omar A. Abed, Mohammad A. Abu Baker and Zuhair S. Amr
We measured species richness, diversity, and diel activity patterns of insectivorous bats at four sites within Dhana Biosphere Reserve. A total of seven species belonging to five families at varying species compositions were recorded. Four to six species were present at these sites and total diversity ranged between 0.32 at Ain Lahtha and 0.65 at Al Khararah. Overall frequency of passes was highest at Shaq Kalbeh. The Common Pipistrelle, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, was the most prevalent at three sites, followed by the Arabian Horseshoe Bat, Rhinolophus clivosus, and Botta’s Serotine, Eptesicus bottae. Natterer’s Bat, Myotis nattereri, and the European Free-tailed Bat, Tadarida teniotis, occurred at low abundance. The Lesser Horseshoe Bat, Rhinolophus hipposideros, occurred at a higher abundance within Finan site (arid site at lower altitude), whereas the Egyptian Mouse-tailed Bat, Rhinopoma cystops, was restricted to Finan. The overall mean number of bat passes was not significantly different between sites. Average seasonal species diversity was low during winter (none at Ain Lahtha and Shaq Kalbeh) and highest during summer (0.68 at Al Kharrarah). Seasonal activity patterns for each site in terms of frequencies of bat passes on an hourly basis are given.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 11-19.
Differences in shape and size of skull and mandible in Talpa species (Mammalia: Eulipotyphla) from Turkey
Ahmet Yesari Selçuk, Alaettin Kaya and Haluk Kefelioğlu
We analysed with landmark-based images morphological differences between four species of Talpa which resemble each other morphologically and are all highly adapted to underground life. Subtle shape differences of the skull and mandibular bones were found between all species. However, there is also broad overlap between all species. Talpa caucasica had the largest skull and mandibles, and Talpa levantis the smallest.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 20-27.
Daily movements and home range of Eastern Hermann’s Tortoise, Testudo hermanni boettgeri (Reptilia: Testudines)
Oguz Türkozan, Sezgin Karaman, Can Yılmaz and Celal Ülger
Understanding the movements of animals in the wild is critical for providing important information regarding their conservation and management. With this aim in mind, we studied a population of Testudo hermanni in their natural habitat using micro GPS devices. Additionally, using VHF transmitters we tracked six individuals (four females and two males) from May to August 2015. The overall home range size varied from 813 and 123,567 m2. Home range size did not differ significantly between males and females, and was also independent of the size of the individual (expressed as straight carapace length). Individual movements were confined to short distances (males 25.7 m; females 18.5 m). Activity levels were highest in July and August for males and May and July for females.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 28-34.
Year-Round Aggregation of Sandbar Shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827), in Boncuk Cove in the southern Aegean Sea, Turkey (Carcharhiniformes: Carcharhinidae)
The present study provided a two-years assessment to understand the seasonal fluctuations of aggregation of the Sandbar Shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus, in Boncuk Cove in the southern Aegean Sea. Underwater Visual Censuses (UVC) revealed that the species is present in the cove throughout the year but form aggregations only between March and November. Aggregation in groups was observed at a daily sea temperature above 18.1°C and this indicated a possible lower threshold for aggregations for Boncuk Cove population.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 35-39.
Community structure of the deep sea fishes in the northern Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea (Osteichthyes and Chondrichthyes)
Maroof A. Khalaf, Shorouq S. Ma’ayta, Mohammad A. Wahsha, Riyad S. Manasrah and Tariq H. Al-Najjar
The aim of this study was to investigate the community structure of deep sea fishes in the northern Gulf of Aqaba. Deep fish traps, short lines and long lines were deployed at depth ranges from 60 to 700 m between June 2014 and May 2015. A total of 369 fish individuals belonging to 37 species in 21 families were collected. The most abundant family observed in deep fish traps and short line was the commercially important family Sparidae, whereas the most abundant family in long line catch was the commercially unimportant fish family Muraenidae. The most abundant fish species sampled by deep fish traps and shortline was Blueskin Seabream, Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus. The most abundant species in long line catch White-spotted Moray, Gymnothorax johnsoni. In fish traps and with short line, the most commonly caught species was Blueskin Seabream. White-spotted Moray was the most common long line catch. Depth distribution for 37 deep fish species and GIS maps for the two main commercial fish species Blueskin Seabream and Bigeye Hound Shark, Iago omanensis were documented.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 40-50.
The taxonomic status of an introduced freshwater goby of the genus Rhinogobius to Iran (Teleostei: Gobiidae)
Reza Sadeghi, Hamid Reza Esmaeili, Fatah Zarei, Amirhossein Esmaeili and Keivan Abbasi
The taxonomic status of Iranian populations of an introduced freshwater goby of the genus Rhinogobius is analysed. The populations examined here had previously been considered as Rhinogobius similis or R. cheni. Comparison of new material with a recent re-description of R. similis reviewing the morphological characters available in the literature, and recent morphogenetic studies of material collected in Iran, revealed that the introduced goby should be designated as R. lindbergi. New records show that the distribution of this species extends to the Tigris River system (Persian Gulf basin) far outside of its native range. It has been probably introduced accidentally.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 51-58.
A new genus and two new species of freshwater Gastropoda from the Ceyhan River Basin in the eastern Mediterranean (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Truncatelloidea)
Mustafa Emre Gürlek
In a survey of the mollusc fauna of the Ceyhan River Basin, including rivers, natural lakes, dam lakes and springs between June 2008 and September 2014, a total of 20 species of Gastropoda and 8 species of Bivalvia were identified. Two of these species are new to science, and for one of them a new genus is erected: the hydrobiid Hemite ceyhanensis gen. n., sp. n., and the bithyniid Pseudobithynia cocussusica sp. n.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 59-65.
A new hypogean species of the genus Domene Fauvel, 1873 from Turkey (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Paederinae)
Domene bordonii sp. n. is described and illustrated from Geyik Mountains, Konya province, central southern Anatolia. This new hypogean species was collected with a subterranean pitfall trap in the mesovoid shallow substratum.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 66-69.
Scuttle flies (Diptera: Phoridae) from Ardabil province in Iran, with description of a new species of Megaselia Rondani
Roya Namaki Khameneh, Samad Khaghaninia and R. Henry L. Disney
our named species of scuttle flies were collected from Ardabil province- Iran, during 2013–2014. A new species of the genus Megaselia Rondani 1856, M. ardabilensis n. sp., is described from the region and Megaselia producta (Schmitz) is recorded from the country for the first time. Geographical distributions and supplementary figures are given.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 70-74.
New data on plume moths (Lepidoptera: Pterophoridae) of Oman
Peter Ustjuzhanin, Vasily Kovtunovich, Aidas Saldaitis and Anna Ustjuzhanina
This article provides a list of Pterophoridae of the Oman fauna. Three more species are added to the previously known 14. For Agdistis omani Arenberger, 2008, described on the basis of a female, we give a description of the male genitalia and an image of the male. For Cosmoclostis lanceata (Arenberger, 1985) we establish the junior synonym: Cosmoclostis gorbunovi Ustjuzhanin & Kovtunovich, 2011 syn. n.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 75-78.
The flattie spider family Selenopidae (Araneae) in the Middle East
Alireza Zamani and Sarah C. Crews
The spider family Selenopidae is currently represented by two species in the Middle East: Selenops radiatus Latreille, 1819 and S. oculatus Pocock, 1898. We record the former species for the first time in Iran and Saudi Arabia. The latter, previously known only from the original description from Yemen, is re-described. Additionally, a new species, Selenops bastet sp. n. (♀), is described from Egypt. All treated species are illustrated, and S. sumitrae Patel & Patel, 1973 syn. n. (from western India) is synonymised with S. radiatus.
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 79-87.
Leopard (Panthera pardus) reoccupying its historic range in the South Caucasus: a first evidence (Mammalia: Felidae)
Elshad Askerov, Tariel Talibov, Karen Manvelyan, Nugzar Zazanashvili, Parviz Fatullayev and Alexander Malkhasyan
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 88-90.
New records of the Iranian Vole, Microtus irani Thomas, 1921, from eastern Turkey (Mammalia: Rodentia)
Sadık Demirtaş and Ali Tümay Gürler
Zoology in the Middle East 65(1), 2019: 91-94.