Zoology in the Middle East

Volume 64, Issue 4, 2018

0939-7140 (Print), 2326-2680 (Online)

© Taylor & Francis

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Covered in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE).

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Review of the vertebrate-mediated dispersal of the Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera

Dirk H. R. Spennemann

As a major agricultural crop in the semi-arid and arid zone of North Africa and the Middle East, drupes (“fruits”) of the Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera form with their high carbohydrate content of the flesh and oils in the seed a major part of the diet of resident and migratory bird species and fruit bats. This paper reviews the range of known instances of drupe predation by volant and non-volant vertebrate vectors. While documented dispersal distances range from tens of metres to about 50 km, the efficacy of that dispersal has not been assessed in any of the papers under review. While volant animals, primarily birds, make up the greatest number of dispersal vectors and also account for the greatest number of seeds dispersed, long distance dispersal of a larger quantity of seeds per dispersal event seems to rely on terrestrial animals, primarily canids, but also bears and flightless birds, such as the Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae).

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 283-296.

The spread of the Rose-ringed Parakeet, Psittacula krameri, in Turkey between 1975 and 2015 (Aves: Psittacidae)

Esra Per

The Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) was recorded in Turkey for the first time in 1975 and has since then established breeding populations in at least six cities as a consequence of intentional and accidental introductions. Parakeet sightings have been recorded in and around urban areas and records are available from 26 provinces. It is most abundant in İstanbul, followed by İzmir, Ankara, Yalova, Antalya, and Şanlıurfa. The distribution and population size has increased continuously especially since the mid-2000s. The population is estimated to be now over 1,355 individuals in the country, which is still moderate compared to some other West European countries.

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 2^97-303.

Molecular and morphological evidence for a new subspecies of Fazila’s Lycian Salamander Lyciasalamandra fazilae in South-west Anatolia

Bayram Göçmen, Sarah Ehl, Mert Karış, Burkhard Thiesmeier and Thomas Kordges

A new subspecies of the Fazila’s Lycian Salamander Lyciasalamandra fazilae is described based on material from ten localities in the Köyceğiz, Ortaca and Dalaman area in south-western Turkey. It is distinguished from the nominotypical subspecies by differences in the colouration pattern, morphometry and the mitochondrial molecular marker 16S rRNA. The distribution area of the new subspecies is located mainly in the western part of Dalaman River except for two seemingly intermediate populations (Şerefler and Sarsala-Kapıkargın). New localities for the species are reported.

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 304-314.

A new Chondrostoma species from the Büyük Menderes River Basin, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)

Salim Serkan Güçlü, Fahrettin Küçük, Davut Turan, Yılmaz Çiftçi and Ayşe Gül Mutlu

In a study of the fishes of the Büyük Menderes River Basin, Aegean region of Turkey, two populations of Chondrostoma were found which showed clearly distinctive characters: the population from the Upper B. Menderes (Işıklı Lake) was attributed to C. meandrense Elvira, 1987, while the population from the Çine Stream in the Lower B. Menderes River basin proved to be a hitherto undescribed species: Chondrostoma turnai sp. n. Altogether 24 metric and 7 meristic parameters were compared. The new species is distinguished from C. meandrense and all other cogeners by a combination of the number of lateral line scales, the number of scale rows between the lateral line and the dorsal-fin origin, the number of scale rows of the lateral line and pelvic-fin origin, and the number of gill rakers on the first gill arch.

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 315-321.

A new species of Maladera Mulsant & Rey, 1871 from Iran (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Sericini) and a review of the distribution of the genus in Iran

Silvia Fabrizi, Eckehard Rößner and Dirk Ahrens

A new species of Maladera Mulsant & Rey, 1871 is described from Iran: M. kermanensis sp. n. The habitus and genitalia of the new species are illustrated. Additional records of Maladera species and a checklist of the species occurring in Iran including a map of their distribution are given.

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 322-328.

New data on spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Iraq

Alexander A. Fomichev, Yuri M. Marusik and Seppo Koponen

Until recently only 33 species of spiders had been known from Iraq. New material collected in northern Iraq reveals 20 species, 13 genera and six families new to the country. One species, Pterotricha arzhantsevi sp. n. is described as new to science. Comparative figures are provided for seven species; the 54 species currently known from Iraq are listed and their occurrence in neighbouring Iran and Turkey is shown.

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 329-339.

A new species of Anagyrus (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from Iran, parasitoid of Planococcus ficus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on Vitis vinifera

George Japoshvili and Majid Fallahzadeh

The description and illustrations of a new species, Anagyrus planococci sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Encyrtidae), reared from Planococcus ficus (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on Vitis vinifera L. in southern Iran are presented. The species is closely related to Anagyrus luci Noyes & Hayat, 1994 and A. albatus Myartseva, 1982.

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 340-344.

Trichopsomyia ochrozona (Stackelberg, 1952) (Diptera: Syrphidae) recorded from Iran for the first time with a key to the West Palaearctic Trichopsomyia Williston, 1888 species

Jeroen van Steenis, Babak Gharali, Theo Zeegers and Hussein Sadeghi Namaghi

The hoverfly Trichopsomyia ochrozona (Stackelberg, 1952) (Diptera: Syrphidae) is recorded for the first time from Iran. An illustrated key to the West Palaearctic species of Trichopsomyia is presented. Illustrations of the puparium of Trichopsomyia joratensis Goeldin, 1997 and the larva and puparium of T. ochrozona are given and their larval and adult habitats are described. A short discussion is given on the known larval habitat of other West Palaearctic Trichopsomyia species. Some of the synonyms have been evaluated and Pipiza melancholica Meigen, 1822 is withdrawn from synonymy of Trichopsomyia flavitarsis (Meigen, 1822) and is considered as a junior synonym of Musca viduata Linnaeus, 1758 syn. nov.

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 345-359.

Dyspessa peri (Lepidoptera: Cossidae), a new species of Cossidae from Afghanistan

Roman V. Yakovlev and Helen Alipanah

Dyspessa peri sp. n. (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) is described from Sarobi in Central Afghanistan. The new species is closely related to D. tristis A. Bang-Haas, 1912, and is distinguished by peculiarities of the wing pattern and structure of the male genitalia.

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 360-362.

A new species and new distribution records of Zercon C. L. Koch from Iran (Acari: Zerconidae)

Mohammadreza Kavianpour, Mehmet Karaca, Younes Karimpour and Raşit Urhan

A new species of the family Zerconidae, Zercon persicus sp. n., is described based on female and male morphological characters. It was collected in West Azarbaijan province (northwestern Iran). Idiosomal chaetotaxy, poroidotaxy and related notations are illustrated. The similarities and differences between the related species within the genus are discussed. Records of some other Zercon species from the province are given for the first time.

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 360-370.

 

 

SHORT COMMUNICATIONS

Record of the Yellowback Grunt Pomadasys aheneus McKay & Randall (Osteichthyes: Haemulidae) from the Arabian Gulf off Iraq

Atheer H. Ali and Yukio Iwatsuki

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 371-373.

The Black Bordered Arab, Colotis ungemachi (Le Cerf, 1922) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) in the Middle East, and the first confirmed record for Ethiopia

Vazrick Nazari and Peter Merrett

Zoology in the Middle East 64(4), 2018: 374-376.

 

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Zoology in the Middle East