Zoology in the Middle East
Volume 64, Issue 3, 2018
0939-7140 (Print), 2326-2680 (Online)
© Taylor & Francis
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Covered in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE).
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Intraspecific killing among Leopards (Panthera pardus) in Iran (Mammalia: Felidae)
Mohammad S. Farhadinia, Hossein Alinezhad, Ehsan Hadipour, Iman Memarian, Stephane Ostrowski, Kaveh Hobeali, Amirhossein Dadashi-Jourdehi, Paul J. Johnson, David W. Macdonald and Luke T. B. Hunter
Intraspecific aggression is one of the most common causes of death in leopards. Here, we report four cases of intraspecific killing amongst Persian Leopards (Panthera pardus saxicolor) in Iran. A young male leopard was found on 7 June 2008 which, according to camera trap images, had been killed by an adult male over a Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) kill, with trauma to his neck in Dorfak No-Hunting Area. A young female that had been fitted with a satellite GPS collar on 6 December 2015 in Tandoureh National Park died on 29 January 2016 at a site where an Urial Sheep (Ovis orientalis) ram had been freshly killed. Necropsy results, footprints at the scene of death and camera trap footage all supported the deduction that the animal was killed by a larger female leopard at the kill site. On 13 January 2017, a young, partially eaten female leopard was found with double puncture on the side of her throat. Finally, a rehabilitated adult female fitted with a satellite GPS collar found on 19 December 2017 with a double puncture on her head with several trauma and haemorrhages on her back. These instances seem to be the first documented reports of intraspecific killing among free-ranging leopards in Asia.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 189-194.
Mostafa Saleh, Mahmoud Younes, Moustafa Sarhan and Fouad Abdel-Hamid
The Egyptian Wolf Canis lupaster was recently rediscovered as a distinct species on the basis of both morphologic and molecular genetic evidence. Phenotypical variability, including coat colour of this species across its vast, ecologically diverse range is yet to be investigated. In this paper, we present the first record of melanistic individuals of this species and compare their morphological characters and mitochondrial cytochrome b DNA sequences with those of typically coloured Canis lupaster and other closely related canids to verify their identity. We also study pelage polymorphism in a population of this species in the Egyptian Nile Valley and the Nile Delta and define its different colour variants. The typical colour, as well as the rare, very light and reddish coat colours are described. We discuss the possibility that the observed coat colour polymorphism is the result of hybridisation with the domestic dog and their potential adaptive significance.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 195-206.
Mehdi Ghanbarifardi, Mansour Aliabadian and Hamid Reza Esmaeili
Mudskippers are amphibious air breathing fish with terrestrial adaptations in contrast to entirely aquatic fish. They are adapted to living on mudflats and show morphological, physiological, and behavioural features that could affect their phylogeny and phylogeography. A comparative genetic analysis was carried out on 100 specimens of the mudskipper Periophthalmus waltoni Koumans, 1941 from eight different sites along the coast of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Phylogeographic inference based on two mitochondrial markers (Cyt b and D-loop) suggests that P. waltoni populations are divided into two well-divergent clades western and eastern. This is likely related to the geohydrological history of the area during the last Pleistocene glaciations. The regional phylogeographies are apparently also influenced by ecological and geographical barriers such as salinity, water current, and the geographic position of the Strait of Hormuz.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 207-218.
The scale characteristics of two Aphanius species from southern Iran (Teleostei: Aphaniidae)
Fish scales are morphologically diverse among species, within species, and even among individuals. The present study investigated macro- and micromorphology of the scales between two closely related Aphanius species in southern Iran including Aphanius hormuzensis, collected from Gotab/Mehran River and A. stoliczkanus, from Howba hot sulphuric spring. The results indicated clear interspecific differences in scale macromorphology and microstructures. The scales of A. hormuzensis are characterised by a rounded shape, 79 (mean 8.0±0.83) primary radii, and a relatively large focus with oblong shape that positioned centrally on the scale, while the scales of A. stoliczkanus are characterised by a polygonal shape with few spines in posterior region, 811 (mean 10.0±0.78) primary radii and a small rounded focus that positioned postero-centraly on the scale. These species are morphologically close but clearly distinguished by their scale morphology and habitat requirements (e.g. water depth and food availability). Therefore, it can be assumed that clear differences in their scale morphology have been resulted by the combination of both genetic and environmental factors.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 219-227.
Floral preferences of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) in response to the abundance and species richness of flowering plants
Mohammad-Reza Babaei, Seyed Ali Asghar Fathi, Ebrahim Gilasian and Hassan Barimani Varandi
For understanding the relationship between floral resources and the abundance of hoverflies, five meadows were selected at different elevations in a forested region. At each site the number of flowering herbaceous plants was assessed along a transect at 10-m intervals. To measure floral density, we counted the number of open flowers per species in each plot. Hoverflies visiting flowering plants were captured in each plot during 10 minutes. Path analysis showed that there was a negative correlation between plant species richness and syrphid abundance. Flower abundance had a strong positive direct effect on syrphid abundance but had indirect effects on the number of syrphid species. Only altitude had a strong positive direct effect on the number of syrphid species and this may be explained by the different climatic conditions. Some plant species attracted more syrphids than others. There were significantly fewer species of hoverfly per plot with increasing numbers of flowers. We interpret this to mean that plant species with a high density of flowers attracted more syrphids of the same species. Analysis of pollen grains extracted from two species of hoverflies showed that flower constancy occurred in three examined sites.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 228-237.
Two new species of Torymidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) reared from flower heads of Echinops orientalis Trautvetter in south-eastern Turkey
Mikdat Doğanlar and M. Murat Aslan
Two new species of torymids, Pseudotorymus hasanberkayi sp. n. and Microdontomerus kahramanmarasensis sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Torymidae), were reared from flower heads of Echinops orientalis Trautvetter (Asteraceae) collected in Kahramanmaraş province, south-eastern Turkey. The new species are described and their diagnostic characters are illustrated.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 238-243.
A new species of the genus Chrysotoxum Meigen, 1803 (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Turkey
Zorica Nedeljković, Ante Vujić, Rüstem Hayat, Ljiljana aić Zorić and Mihajla Đan
A new species of the genus Chrysotoxum (Diptera: Syrphidae), Chrysotoxum bozdagensis Nedeljković, Vujić & Hayat sp. n., collected from Bozdağ Mt., İzmir Province, Turkey is described and illustrated. Chrysotoxum bozdagensis sp. n. can be distinguished from the similar Ch. octomaculatum Curtis, 1837 by the presence of a black pile on the mesonotum and the colour of the legs. It is also similar to Ch. elegans Loew, 1841, from which it can be distinguished by the colour of the pile on the vertical triangle and scutellum, as well from the structure of the male genitalia. Additionally, Ch. bozdagensis sp. n. can be clearly distinguished from the latter two species by DNA sequence data. This new species increases the total number of Chrysotoxum species in Turkey to 18.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 244-252.
A new species of Rhytimorpha Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae) from Israel
Donald L. J. Quicke, Frank Koch, Gavin R. Broad, Andrew M. R. Bennett, Simon van Noort, Paul D. N. Hebert and Buntika A. Butcher
The distinctive braconine wasp genus Rhytimorpha Szépligeti is distributed through Africa and the Near East. We provide photographic illustrations of the type specimens of the two species of Rhytimorpha known up to the present, R. coccinea Szépligeti and R. nigriceps Szépligeti. Previous published records of R. coccinea from Israel by J. Papp are confirmed. A new species, R. pappi Quicke & Butcher sp. n. is described based on a female from Holot Agur, a semi-desert area in the Negev Dunes in north-eastern Sinai Peninsula.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 253-261.
Two new species of the genus Anisobas Wesmael (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Ichneumoninae) from Iran and Uzbekistan
Matthias Riedel, Farid Shirzadegan and Ali Asghar Talebi
We describe two new species, Anisobas rufoventris Riedel sp. n. from Iran and Anisobas maculatus Riedel sp. n. from Uzbekistan. Within the genus Anisobas Wesmael, both new species are similar to Anisobas cephalotes Kriechbaumer due to their widened temples and median tubercles at apical margins of clypeus. Differential diagnoses, detailed descriptions and illustrations of the main characters are given for the new species.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 262-266.
Taxonomic notes on Drilus Olivier, 1790 (Elateridae: Agrypninae: Drilini) in Rhodes
I compared the type specimens of Drilus attenuatus Pic, 1914 and D. attenuatus var. subparallelus Pic, 1934 from Rhodes. Both taxa are redescribed and the latter is given the full species status based on the different external morphology and male genitalia. Altogether, four species are currently known from the island of Rhodes: Drilus attenuatus Pic, 1914, D. bleusei (Olivier, 1913), D. rufipes (Baudi di Selve, 1871), and D. subparallelus Pic, 1934 stat. rev. All species but D. rufipes are endemic to the island. An identification key to the males of Drilus species found in Rhodes is provided.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 267-272.
The Sarcophagidae (Diptera) of the Middle East
Yury Verves and Lydmyla Khrokalo
A list of 285 species of Sarcophagidaе in the Middle East countries is presented with distributional data, including Bahrain (3 species), Cyprus (46), Egypt (both African and Asian parts) (114), Iran (83), Iraq (17), Israel (113), Jordan (14), Kuwait (3), Lebanon (13), Oman (2), Gaza Strip (5), Palestinian Authority (42), Quatar (1), Saudi Arabia (37), Syria (42), Turkey (both European and Asian parts) (157), United Arab Emirates (14) and Yemen (15). Three new synonyms are established: Blaesoxipha delilah Lehrer, 2006 = Agriella setosa Salem, 1938, syn. n.; Blaesoxipha nahaliana Lehrer, 2008 = Blaesoxipha popovi Rohdendorf, 1937, syn. n.; and Liosarcophaga daccanella Lehrer, 2008 = Liosarcophaga (s. str.) dux (Thomson, 1869), syn. n. Four new combinations for species names are proposed: Liopygia (Engelisca) adhamae (Lehrer & Abou-Ziad, 2008), comb. n.; Liosarcophaga (s. str.) pedestris (Villeneuve, 1910), comb. n.; Liosarcophaga (Pandelleisca) theodori (Lehrer, 1998), comb. n., and Liosarcophaga (Pharaonops) tewfiki (Salem, 1940), comb. n.
Zoology in the Middle East 64(3), 2018: 273-282.