Zoology in the Middle East

Volume 63, Issue 1, 2017

0939-7140 (Print), 2326-2680 (Online)

© Taylor & Francis
All articles, both print and online versions, are fully copyright-protected.

Covered in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE). Admitted to ISI Master Journal list and covered by the BioSciences Information Service (Biosis Previews) and Biological Preview (abstract/cover page), the Zoological Record and many other review organs.

ZME is published by Taylor & Francis Group. Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig





Taxonomic identity of Chionomys nivalis spitzenbergerae (Mammalia: Rodentia)

Atilla Arslan, Emine Arslan, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Anna Bannikova and Boris Kryštufek

The most genetically divergent populations of the European snow vole Chionomys nivalis occupy the extreme eastern range of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. It was recently suggested that subspecies C. n. spitzenbergerae from the Central Taurus Mountains (Turkey) represents a highly divergent lineage of C. nivalis from the Aladağ Range which induced us to address its status by examining topotype specimens. Two females karyotyped displayed 54 mitotic chromosomes of 25 acrocentric autosomal pairs. One of the smallest autosomal pairs was heteromorphic in both specimens, consisting of a submetacentric and an acrocentric chromosomes (NFa = 53). Cytochrome b sequences however unambiguously clustered both individuals with reference sequences from C. nivalis from Turkey. We conclude that a deviant haplotype from the Aladağ Range does not represent C. n. spitzenbergerae. Its taxonomic identity was not resolved in our study. Further attention should be devoted to snow voles from Central Anatolia and Western Iran, which are characterized by cranial peculiarities.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 1-7.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Changes in the breeding avifauna of Israel during 2003–2016

Yoav Perlman, Barak Granit and Avner Cohen

Based on information obtained from publications, online material and experienced birdwatchers we describe changes in the breeding avifauna of Israel between 2003 and 2016. We provide details on nine species that were found breeding in Israel during this period for the first time (Common Shelduck, Great Cormorant, Black-winged Kite, Caspian Tern, White-cheeked Tern, Common Wood Pigeon, Black Bush Robin, Basra Reed Warbler, Chiffchaff); two species that were found breeding in Israel after they were not documented breeding for more than 50 years (Great Crested Grebe, Pallid Scops Owl), one species that significantly extended its breeding range in Israel (Striated Heron), and two exotic species that have recently established populations in Israel (Monk Parakeet, Vinous-breasted Starling). This brings the number of bird species breeding in Israel in 2016 to 220. We also report here that out of six new breeding species reported in 2003, three species established breeding populations in Israel, while the other species did not continue to breed in Israel regularly.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 8-16.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Male reproductive seasonality of the Snake-eyed Lizard, Ophisops elegans Ménétriés, 1832, from Lebanon (Reptilia: Lacertidae)

Fida Nassar, Riyad Sadek and Souad Hraoui-Bloquet

We studied the male reproductive cycle in a population of Ophisops elegans from Mount Sannine, Lebanon, by histological analysis. Testicular histology showed active spermatogenesis in spring, followed by a testicular regression at the end of summer and a subsequent recrudescence in autumn. Monthly variations in the epididymis, the ductus deferens and the sexual segment of the kidney were in synchrony with the testicular cycle. They were hypertrophied as spermatogenetic activity increased and atrophied as spermatogenetic activity decreased. Males of O. elegans showed a vernal type of spermatogenesis with a close relationship between the evolution of the seminiferous tubules and the secondary sexual characters.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 17-23.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Age at maturity of some fish species distributed in Turkish marine waters (Actinopterygii and Elasmobranchii)

Sedat Gündoğdu and Makbule Baylan

We collected data on the age at maturity (tm) and maximum reported age (tmax) for 153 stocks of marine fishes in Turkey, belonging to 59 species, 24 families and 2 classes (Actinopterygii and Elasmobranchii). Among Actinopterygii tm had an average of 1.8 years (1 to 4 years) while among Elasmobranchii it had an average of 11.9 years (2 to 11.9 years). Overall, tmax ranged between two years (for Sarda sarda) and 34 years (for Squalus acanthias). Mean tmax was found to be 6.24 years for Actinopterygii and 10.11 years for Elasmobranchii. tm showed a positive linear correlation with tmax for both Actinopterygii and Elasmobranchii. Mean tm⁄tmax did not differ significantly with sex within the Actinopterygii and Elasmobranchii. The ratio tm⁄tmax was found to be significantly lower for Actinopterygii than for Elasmobranchii.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 24-32.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Squalius semae, a new species of chub from the Euphrates River, Eastern Anatolia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)

Davut Turan, Maurice Kottelat and Esra Bayçelebi

In a study of the fishes of the Euphrates River (Persian Gulf basin) three species of Squalius belonging to the cephalus-group were found: The Tohma population was identified as S. seyhanensis and the Merzimen and Hilvan populations as S. berak. The comparison of 28 metric and 5 meristic parameters and morphological characters showed that the populations of the northern Euphrates River drainages are distinct and belong to a hitherto unnamed species. We describe it here as Squalius semae sp. n.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 33-42.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Occurrence of Lobotes surinamensis (Osteichthyes: Lobotidae) in the Mediterranean: Historical and recent data

Gökçen Bilge, Halit Filiz and Anil Gülşahin

This paper provides a review of the current status and historical distribution of Lobotes surinamensis in the Mediterranean Sea. Thirty two records were compiled for the period between 1968 and 2016, which shows that the species is in the Mediterranean much more abundant than previously understood.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 43-47.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Risk screening of non-native and translocated freshwater fish species in a Mediterranean-type shallow lake: Lake Marmara (West Anatolia)

Ali Serhan Tarkan, Hasan M. Sarı, Ali İlhan, Irmak Kurtul and Lorenzo Vilizzi

Risk screening tools to identify species with a high or low risk of invasiveness are being increasingly used for effective management purposes. Amongst the available tools, the Fish Invasiveness Screening Kit (FISK) has been used extensively and successfully in large risk assessment (RA) areas, and was recently upgraded to the new generic tool Aquatic Species Invasiveness Screening Kit (AS-ISK). The aim of the present study was to assess with AS-ISK the invasive potential of introduced non-native and translocated fishes in a Mediterranean-type shallow lake (Lake Marmara) located in west Anatolia (Turkey). Based on independent evaluations of 35 species by two assessors, calibration of AS-ISK resulted in a threshold score of -3.65, which reliably distinguished between potentially invasive (high risk) and potentially non-invasive (medium to low risk) fishes. Of the 35 species assessed, 17 were categorised as ‘low risk’ and included native/endemic and translocated natives, and the remaining 18 as ‘high risk’ and comprised non-natives and translocated natives. Carassius gibelio had the highest score in the Climate Change Assessment section, suggesting that it might potentially impact on the native fish fauna under likely climate change scenarios for the RA area. Some cool water non-native (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Salvelinus fontinalis), translocated native (Luciobarbus lydianus) and endemic species (Ladigesocypris mermere) in the catchment will likely be affected negatively by predicted climate change conditions.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 48-57.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

First record of the genus Gynecaptera Skorikov, 1935 (Hymenoptera: Bradynobaenidae: Apterogyninae) from Saudi Arabia, with description of a new species

Ahmed Mostafa Soliman, Neveen Samy Gadallah and Hathal Mohammed Al Dhafer

In the present study, the genus Gynecaptera Skorikov, 1935 is recorded from the Arabian Peninsula for the first time, with a nocturnal new species, G. arabica Soliman & Gadallah, which has been collected from the Riyadh region in Saudi Arabia and which is described and illustrated.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 58-62.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

A new species of ant-loving cricket Myrmecophilus Berthold, 1827 from Cyprus (Orthoptera: Myrmecophilidae)

Thomas Stalling

A new species of ant-loving cricket, Myrmecophilus cyprius sp. n., collected in the Republic of Cyprus from the nests of Messor structor (Latreille, 1798) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), is described and illustrated. The species belongs to the subgenus Myrmophilina Silvestri, 1912.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 63-67.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

A new ant species of the Leptogenys sulcinoda-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Saudi Arabia

Mostafa R. Sharaf, Shahid A. Akbar, Hathal M. Al Dhafer and Abdulrahman S. Aldawood

Leptogenys polaszeki sp. n. is described from the Asir Mountains, Saudi Arabia, based on the worker caste. The new species is a member of the L. sulcinoda-group and appears closest to L. bellii Emery, 1901, originally described from Ethiopia. The likely male caste of L. polaszeki sp. n. is described based on a single specimen collected by a pitfall trap in the type locality.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 68-75.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Description of a new species of Liosarcophaga (s. str.) from Turkey (Diptera: Sarcophagidae: Sarcophagini)

Yury Verves, Vladimir Radchenko and Lyudmyla Khrokalo

Liosarcophaga (s. str.) bartaki sp. n. is described from Turkey based on four males collected at three locations in Western Turkey. A morphological study of the genitalia using light and scanning electron microscopy has been carried out. An original key to the 10 species of Liosarcophaga occurring in Turkey is given.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 76-82.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

A new species of Hoplopholcus Kulczyński, 1908 (Araneae: Pholcidae) from the European part of Turkey

Nurcan Demircan and Aydın Topçu

A new species of Hoplopholcus Kulczyński, 1908 is described from caves in Tekirdağ and Kırklareli provinces of Turkey on the basis of both sexes. A morphological description and diagnosis are presented together with figures of the habitus and copulatory organs.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 83-85.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

A new species of soil mites (Acari: Mesostigmata: Zerconidae) from Afyonkarahisar province, Turkey

Elif Hilal Duran, Mehmet Karaca and Raşit Urhan

Zercon arslani sp. n. is described and illustrated from female and male specimens collected in Afyonkarahisar province, Turkey. A short description and important morphological features of Prozercon plumosus Călugăr, 2004, which is a new record for the Turkish acarofauna, are also given with drawing. Informations on habitat and distribution for each species are also provided.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 86-91.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Short Communications

First record of Nathusius’ Pipistrelle, Pipistrellus nathusii (Mammalia: Chiroptera), from Iran

Saeid Naderi, Christian Dietz, Alireza Mirzajani and Frieder Mayer

Zoology in the Middle East 63(1), 2017: 92-94.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig




Zoology in the Middle East