Zoology in the Middle East

Volume 62, Issue 2, 2016

0939-7140 (Print), 2326-2680 (Online)

© Taylor & Francis
All articles, both print and online versions, are fully copyright-protected.

Covered in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE). Admitted to ISI Master Journal list and covered by the BioSciences Information Service (Biosis Previews) and Biological Preview (abstract/cover page), the Zoological Record and many other review organs.

ZME is published by Taylor & Francis Group. Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig




Do recent leopard Panthera pardus records from northern Iraq and south-eastern Turkey reveal an unknown population nucleus in the region?

Batur Avgan, Hana Raza, Muhammadsaddik Barzani and Urs Breitenmoser

The status of leopard in Iraq and south-eastern Turkey has been unclear for decades. Because of recent and on-going armed conflicts in important parts of the potential leopard distribution range, no studies were done that could have proved the presence of the species. We report here 10 confirmed and 2 unconfirmed leopard records between 2001 and 2014 from northern Iraq and south-eastern Turkey. All records for which the gender of the animal was identified were of males, which could be hypothesized as long-range dispersers from Iran. However, the long distances between our records and the nearest known breeding populations in Iran suggests that a so far unnoticed reproducing population nuclei may occur along the north-western part of the Zagros Mountains in western Iran, northern Iraq and south-eastern Turkey.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 95-104.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Breeding biology of the Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus in the Sabkhat Al-Fasl Lagoons, Saudi Arabia (Aves: Charadriiformes)

Monif AlRashidi

The breeding biology of the Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus was studied in the Sabkhat Al-Fasl Lagoons of Saudi Arabia, where ground temperatures may exceed 55°C in summer. Although halophytic bushes are abundant, this species seems to prefer nesting at exposed sites. Biparental brood care was common: the females were absent in only three out of 24 families. Kentish Plovers attended their nests more than 80% over the full day and more than 90% of the time during day-time, and the number of change-overs increased during the hottest parts of the day which could be due to the possibility that a single parent cannot protect the eggs and itself from overheating.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 105-111.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Description of two new species of the genus Gobio (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Black Sea coast of Turkey

Davut Turan, Bella Japoshvili, İsmail Aksu and Yusuf Bektaş

The systematics of the genus Gobio, especially of the populations on the southern Black Sea coast, seems to be still far from being resolved. Seven species were recorded from the northern Black Sea coast while three species were recognized from the southern Black Sea coast. We examined in total 43 specimens from Kızılırmak River (southern Black Sea basin), 80 specimens from Çoruh River (the Western Caucasus of the Black Sea basin), 14 specimens from Rioni River (the Western Caucasus of the Black Sea basin), and 6 specimens from Kherota and Shakhe Rivers (the Western Caucasus of the Black Sea basin). Based on an analysis of 32 metric and 5 meristic data as well as the number of vertebrae, we concluded that the Kızılırmak and Coruh populations are two distinct, unnamed species, and we describe them here as Gobio kizilirmakensis from the Kızılırmak River and G. artvinicus from the Çoruh River.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 112-124.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Diversity, habitats and size-frequency distribution of the gastropod genus Conus at Dahab in the Gulf of Aqaba, Northern Red Sea

Sarah Zauner and Martin Zuschin

Topographically complex subtidal reefs of the Indo-West Pacific region are characterised by a high species richness of cone snails of the genus Conus (up to 36 on some reefs) but low population densities (≤1 individual/m2), whereas Conus assemblages on reef flats usually support fewer species (5-9) and high population densities (up to 5.2 individuals/m2). Subtidal sand areas are known to be least species-rich (1-6 species). Although the diversity of this predatory gastropod genus has been described previously from different areas of the Indo-Pacific, little ecological information is available on Conus in the Northern Red Sea. Therefore, data from five habitat types were obtained along 73 line-transects (245 m2), which yielded ecological data for a total of 175 individuals of 9 species. In accordance with former findings, our results demonstrate that the reef flat was the habitat with the highest observed population densities (6.15 individuals/m2) but low species diversity (H’ = 0.9; 5 species); subtidal reefs, in contrast, were characterised by low densities (0.13 individuals/m2) and a relatively high species diversity (H ’= 1.5; 6 species). This suggests that Conus diversity and species richness in the Northern Red Sea around Dahab is lower than in other parts of the Indo-West Pacific region. Furthermore, hard- and soft substrata were dominated by different Conus species in accordance to the distribution of favourable microhabitat patches, the degree of physical stress and the availability of refuges and prey organisms. The fact that these Conus were predominantly small-bodied vermivores (size range: 6-85 mm; mean shell size: 15 mm; SD = 9 mm) suggests that this size class possesses an advantage over molluscivores and piscivores. Except for subtidal reefs, which showed a highly variable species composition, the studied habitat types around Dahab were characterised by distinct assemblages of Conus.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016:125-136.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Ants of the genus Syllophopsis Santschi, 1915 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Saudi Arabia with description of a new species

Abdulrahman S. Aldawood

The myrmicine ant genus Syllophopsis in Saudi Arabia is reviewed. Two species are recognized, S. kondratieffi (Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013) and S. saudiensis sp. n. Syllophopsis saudiensis is described and illustrated from the central and eastern regions of Saudi Arabia based on the worker caste. This new species is most similar to S. thrascolepta (Bolton, 1987) from the Ivory Coast, Africa, but readily separated by the less abundant and sparse cephalic pilosity, the smaller eyes, the shallow impressed metanotal groove, and obtusely angled propodeal profile. New distributional records are provided for S. kondratieffi which was previously only known from the type locality, Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 137-143.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Contribution to the knowledge of the click beetle genus Zorochros (Coleoptera: Elateridae) from Saudi Arabia

Hathal M. Al Dhafer and Samuel A. Wells

Examination of specimens of Elateridae revealed new generic and species records for Saudi Arabia. Zorochros amalec (Peyerimhoff) is recorded from Al Majardah, and Zorochros yosrae sp. n. is described as a new species from Thalouth Almanazar.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 144-147.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Revision of the Clytra subfasciata species group (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cryptocephalinae: Clytrini)

Jan Bezděk

The Clytra subfasciata species group is proposed, to comprise Clytra subfasciata Lacordaire, 1848, C. hajeki Medvedev & Kantner, 2002 and C. kadleci sp. n. (Yemen). The species of the group are characterised by the peculiar shape of the aedeagus, with a dorsal plate separated from the rest of aedeagus by a deep narrow slit. Colour photographs of habitus and drawings of genitalia are provided for all three species.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 148-157.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Description of the first endemic earthworm species from Cyprus (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae)

Tímea Szederjesi, Tomás Pavlíček and Csaba Csuzdi

New earthworm samples from Cyprus are assessed and discussed. A re-evaluation of specimens previously relegated to the Southern Alpine species Perelia nematogena (Rosa, 1903), revealed two independent species: Perelia phoebea (Cognetti, 1913) ,described originally from Rhodes Island, (Greece) and an undescribed species Perelia makrisi sp. n. The new species is similar also to the Levantine Pe. galileana Csuzdi & Pavlíček, 2005 and corroborates the hypotheses that the autochthonous earthworm fauna of Cyprus is of Levantine origin.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 158-163.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Two new species of the genus Zercon C. L. Koch from theInner Aegean Region of Turkey (Acari: Mesostigmata: Zerconidae)

Raşit Urhan, Elif Hilal Duran and Mehmet Karaca

Two new species of the mite genus Zercon C. L. Koch, 1836 have been found: Zercon ekizi sp. n. and Zercon emirdagicus sp. n. are described and illustrated from female specimens collected in Afyonkarahisar and Kütahya provinces, Turkey. The similarities and differences between the related species are discussed.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 164-170.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Two new spider species of the family Dysderidae (Araneae) from Turkey

M. İsmail Varol and Adile Akpınar

Two new species of the spider family Dysderidae, Harpactea pugio sp. n. and Dysdera tezcani sp. n. are described from the Aegean region of Turkey. Detailed morphological descriptions and diagnoses are presented together with figures of the copulatory organs. The two new species are compared with closely related species.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 171-176.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

A new species of Paratheuma (Araneae: Dictynidae) from Southwestern Asia and transfer of the genus

Alireza Zamani, Yuri M. Marusik and James W. Berry

The marine spider genus Paratheuma Bryant, 1940 is recorded in southwestern Asia for the first time, and a new species, P. enigmatica sp. n. is described from southern and southeastern Iran on the basis of both sexes. Based on morphological and molecular evidence, the genus is transferred from Desidae to Litisedinae, Dictynidae.

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 177-183.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Short Communications

New record of the thermophilic Cephalopholis taeniops (Osteichthyes: Serranidae) in the Aegean Sea

Semih Engin, Erhan Irmak and Dilruba Seyhan

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 184-186.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

First record of the hydrozoan Oceania armata Kölliker, 1853 from Turkey

Nurçin Gülşahin, Murat Çelik, Cemal Turan and Celal Ateş

Zoology in the Middle East 62(2), 2016: 187-188.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig


Zoology in the Middle East