Zoology in the Middle East

Volume 60, Issue 2, 2014

0939-7140 (Print), 2326-2680 (Online)

© Taylor & Francis
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Covered in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE). Admitted to ISI Master Journal list and covered by the BioSciences Information Service (Biosis Previews) and Biological Preview (abstract/cover page), the Zoological Record and many other review organs.

ZME is published by Taylor & Francis

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Low gene flow between Iranian Grey Wolves )Canis lupus (and dogs documented using uniparental genetic markers

Marzieh Asadi Aghbolaghi, Hamid Reza Rezaei, Massimo Scandura, and Mohammad Kaboli

Wolves have the ability to live in different habitats. However, in recent years, in many areas wolf populations have drastically declined and some of them have disappeared. A major concern in the management of wolf populations is the hybridization between wolves and dogs. In some regions, in order to generate strong breeds of guard dogs, wolves and dogs are intentionally hybridized. In this study, gene flow between wolves and dogs in Iran was examined, using a combination of uniparental markers: the mitochondrial DNA control region and four Y chromosome microsatellites. The species of origin of each haplotype was attributed by phylogenetic analyses. A very limited number of haplotypes was shared, suggesting limited gene flow between wolves and dogs in Iran. However, possible factors promoting hybridization are still present in the country and should not be neglected in the future management of the wild species.

Keywords. Dog, genetic introgression, Iran, mtDNA, Y chromosome microsatellites, wolf.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 95-106.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Wildlife conflicts between humans and Brown Bears, Ursus arctos, in the Central Zagros, Iran

Ali Turk Qashqaei, Mahmoud Karami, and Vahid Etemad

We collected information on human-bear conflicts in the Central Zagros Mountains through questionnaires and field surveys during which we recorded scats, tracks and broken branches in orchards. Persecution, poaching, and trading of bear body parts to cure some diseases are the most important threats to the Brown Bear, Ursus arctos. Financial losses due to bears attacking livestock, cattle and beehives in the region were calculated to be more than € 18,400 during 2006-2011. Also three villagers were killed by bears between 2005 and 2010 and 18 Brown Bears were killed by local people and nomads within nine years.

Key words: Brown Bear, Ursus arctos, human-wildlife conflict, trade, Zagros, Iran.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 107-110.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

On the diet of the Pharaoh Eagle Owl, Bubo ascalaphus (Savigny, 1809), in Qatar, with an overview of its feeding habits

Ivan Mohedano, Mohammad A. Abu Baker, Brian Hunter, Jamie Buchan, Christopher J. Michaels, and Nobuyuki Yamaguchi

The diet of Bubo ascalaphus in Qatar was assessed based on pellets collected from the first known nesting site of the species in the country. The pellets contained a total of 68 prey items, representing 9 different species: 4 mammals, 1 bird, 1 reptile, and at least 3 scorpions. Mammals clearly comprised the major food source (89.7% and 97.7% in frequency and biomass respectively). Our data suggest that Pharaoh Eagle Owls are opportunistic predators that feed on a variety of prey depending on their temporal/spatial availability, which is consistent with previous studies. A literature review clearly suggests that Eagle Owls in arid to semi-arid environments are opportunistic predators with small mammals being their main prey. Predation on migrating Blue-cheeked Bee-eaters Merops persicus supports this hypothesis.

Keywords: Diet, owl pellets; Pharaoh Eagle Owl; Bubo ascalaphus, Merops persicus, desert, Qatar.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 111-119.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Sexual size dimorphism in Darevskia raddei (Sauria: Lacertidae) from northwestern Iran

Amir Dehghani, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Seyed Mahdi Banan-Khojasteh, and Alireza Mohammadpour

We examined sexual size dimorphism of the rock-dwelling lizard Darevskia raddei (Boettger, 1892) with the help of 30 specimens that were provided from various sources. Eleven metric and seven meristic features were examined. Seven characters (gulars, length of basal tail, femoral pores, length of head, width of head, length of fore limb and length of hind limb) were identified as dimorphic between the two sexes. Some of these characters have important roles in copulation for males, especially the hind limb and the tail base. The number of femoral pores is important in the release of signal components because females release these components to attract males during the mating season. The length of the hind limb as locomotor performance plays an important role during mating, so that the male can grasp the female and adopt the correct position during copulation.

Key words: Lacertidae, Darevskia raddei, sexual size dimorphism, Iran.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 120-124.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Distribution pattern of the Snake-eyed Lizard, Ophisops elegans Ménétriés, 1832 (Squamata: Lacertidae), in Iran

Hamzeh Oraie, Hassan Rahimian, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Gentile Francesco Ficetola, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani, and Azar Khosravani

Ophisops elegans, a common lizard with a wide distribution range in Iran, was selected to investigate the influence of environmental factors on its distribution pattern. Based on a distribution model developed with the software Maxent for O. elegans, the most important factors influencing the distribution pattern were found to be high winter precipitation, intermediate levels of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and intermediate levels of sunshine. It seems that overall plant cover and competition with Mesalina watsonana are the main factors which influence the distribution pattern of O. elegans in the central Iranian Plateau.

Keywords: Lizards, Maxent, environmental factors, habitat suitability, Central Iran.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 125-132.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Morphological divergence in the Walton’s Mudskipper, Periophthalmus waltoni Koumans, 1941, from the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman (Gobioidei: Gobiidae)

Mehdi Ghanbarifardi, Mansour Aliabadian, Hamid Reza Esmaeili, and Gianluca Polgar

The body shape variation among 244 specimens of Periophthalmus waltoni Koumans, 1941, collected from seven stations in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, was analysed by utilising geometric morphometrics (GM) and truss-based morphometrics methods (TBM). Discriminant function analysis did not show significant differences between the shape of females and males. Canonical variate analysis and cluster analysis classified the specimens in two separate groups of stations: those in the Persian Gulf, and those in the Strait of Hormuz plus Gulf of Oman. Potential factors contributing to the observed variation include differences in physicochemical parameters between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

Keywords: Phenotypic plasticity, geometric morphometrics, morphological land­marks, truss protocol.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 133-142.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Records of Himantura granulata (Dasyatidae) and Rhinoptera jayakari (Rhinopteridae) from the Red Sea

Sergey V. Bogorodsky, Peter R. Last, Tilman J. Alpermann, and Ahmad O. Mal

The occurrences of two species of rays of the families Dasyatidae and Rhinopteridae are confirmed for the central and southern Red Sea, respectively. The Oman Cownose Ray, Rhinoptera jayakari, is reported as a new record from the Red Sea on the basis of two males collected at Jizan, southern Saudi Arabia. An adult individual of the Mangrove Whipray, Himantura granulata, previously only reported from the Gulf of Aqaba was observed and photographed in a shallow lagoon off Al Lith, Saudi Arabia, also confirming its presence in the Red Sea.

Key words: Rays, Myliobatiformes, new records, southern Red Sea, central Red Sea, Farasan Banks.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 144-153.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Contribution to the knowledge of the Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) fauna of Turkey

Janko Kolarov, Erol Yıldırım, Saliha Çoruh, and Murat Yüksel

This study is based upon material of the family Ichneumonidae collected from Erzurum and Tunceli provinces of Turkey between 2011 and 2012. 64 species in 49 genera of the family Ichneumonidae were recorded. Among them, Alloplasta tomentosa (Gravenhorst, 1829), Lissonota (Lissonota) accusator (Fabricius, 1793), Dusona nidulator (Fabricius, 1804), Olesicampe fulviventris (Gmelin, 1790), Olesicampe proterva (Brischke, 1880), Olesicampe radiella (Thomson, 1885), Aptesis nigrocincta (Gravenhorst, 1815), Cryptus moschator (Fabricius, 1787), Pleolophus brachypterus (Gravenhorst, 1815), Hadrodactylus flavofacialis Horstmann, 2000, Lagarotis semicaligata (Gravenhorst, 1820), Coelichneumon (Coelichneumon) consimilis (Wesmael, 1845), Hoplismenus axillatorius (Thunberg, 1822) and Eridolius pictus (Gravenhorst, 1829) are new to the Turkish fauna. A short zoogeographic characterisation is given for each species.

Key words: Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, fauna, new records, Turkey, zoogeographic characterisation.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 154-161.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Checklist of the springtails (Hexapoda: Collembola) of Turkey

Hasan Sevgili and Muhammed Ali Özata

A checklist of the species of springtails (Hexapoda: Collembola) hitherto recorded from Turkey is presented. This list contains 53 species belonging to 39 genera in 13 families. The diversity of Collembola in Turkey is poorly known and it is clear that numerous species wait to be discovered.

Key words: Hexapoda, Collembola, fauna, springtails, checklist, Turkey.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 162-168.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Scorpions of the genus Odontbuthus Vachon, 1950 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Iran: Phylogenetic relationships inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data

Sara Azghadi, Omid Mirshamsi, Shahrokh Navidpour, and Mansour Aliabadian

The molecular phylogeny of the genus Odontobuthus Vachon, 1950 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in Iran was evaluated using two mitochondrial DNA genes, cytochrome c oxidase, subunit I (COI) and 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA). The molecular phylogenetic analyses were performed using Maximum Parsimony, Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian inference methods. The resulting topologies supported two main clades: the clade comprising Odontobuthus doriae, O. bidentatus, and O. tavighiae, and another one which is the O. tirgari clade. The results clearly presented additional support for the taxonomic validity of the recently described species, O. tirgari and O. tavighiae. In addition, the monophyly of two previously described species O. doriae and O. bidentatus was confirmed. According to the data presented here, three taxonomically valid species belonging to the genus Odontobuthus occur in Iran.

Key words: Odontobuthus, scorpions, Arachnida, COI, 16S rRNA.

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 169-179.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Short Communications

First confirmed records of Lesser Mouse-tailed Bat, Rhinopoma cystops Thomas, 1903, for Sinai, Egypt (Mammalia: Chiroptera)

Jill Carpenter, Zsolt Hegyeli, Sebastian Bugariu, and István Moldován

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 180-182.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus) in south-eastern Iran:a species new to the Middle East

Raffael Ayé, Tobias Roth and Thomas Stalling

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 183-185.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig

Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl, 1797), Nemipterus zysron (Bleeker, 1856), and Parascolopsis eriomma (Jordan & Richardson, 1909) (Osteichthyes: Lophiidae and Nemipteridae) in the marine waters of Iraq

Laith A. Jawad and Majid E. Al-Badri

Zoology in the Middle East 60(2), 2014: 186-188.    |   Access Options: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tzme20/current#.UZ8U1Z3wCig



Zoology in the Middle East