Zoology in the Middle East
Volume 54, 2011
Kasparek Verlag, Heidelberg
Covered in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE). Admitted to ISI Master Journal list and covered by the BioSciences Information Service (Biosis Previews) and Biological Preview (abstract/cover page)s, the Zoological Record and many other review organs.
Price per article: Euro 10.00 (plus Euro 2.00 postage/handling)
Status and development of the population of the globally threatened Dalmatian Pelican, Pelecanus crispus, in Turkey
Abstract. The Dalmatian Pelican, Pelecanus crispus (Bruch, 1832), used to be a widespread breeding species in Turkey in the past. Until the 1990s, approximately 473-763 pairs were breeding at 20-25 sites. Of these, 53-59% have been lost due to drainage of wetlands, 17-19% due to direct persecution, 16-22% due to both drainage and persecution, and 6-8% due to water level increase. Currently there are only five active breeding colonies: Gediz Delta, Manyas Lake, Büyük Menderes Delta, Aktaş Lake and Işıklı Lake. The colony at Işıklı Lake was discovered in 2010 and comprises 6 pairs. Since 2000, the total breeding population of Dalmatian Pelicans increased moderately from 220-250 to 277-341 pairs. Likewise, the wintering population has also increased from 352 up to 2,344 individuals, which seems to be linked with the increase in the breeding population in the region. Nevertheless, the population size still renders the species susceptible to the risks affecting small populations.
Key words.: Dalmatian Pelican, Pelecanus crispus, Turkey, breeding population, wintering population, threats, new breeding site, Işıklı Lake.
Saman R. Afrasiab, Sarbaz I. Mohamad
First record of the Rat Snake, Zamenis hohenackeri (Strauch, 1873), from north-eastern Iraq with notes on other colubrid snakes
Abstract. The Rat Snake, Zamenis hohenackeri (Strauch, 1873), was found at the foot of Hawraman Mountain and at Erbil in Iraqi Kurdistan, which represents the first country record. The Racer subspecies Platyceps rhodorachis ladacensis (Anderson, 1871) was recorded for the first time in Iraq and the Montpellier Snake, Malpolon insignitus (Geoffroy, 1827), was found with a rare colour pattern.
Key words. Platyceps, Zamenis, Malpolon, Hawraman, Khormal, Kurdistan.
Mimicry in juvenile wrasses: ecological and behavioural aspects of a Coris-Amphiprion relationship in the northern Red Sea
Abstract. Evidence of mimicry in the literature is often anecdotal and based on general resemblances and observer intuition. Every case of mimicry is unique and has to be proved based on certain ecological characteristics that apply to all real mimic-model relationships. The present study hypothesises that the colour similarities of juveniles of the wrasse species Coris cuvieri (Bennett, 1831) to the Anemone fish Amphiprion bicinctus Rüppell, 1830 in the northern Red Sea represents a real case of mimicry. C. cuvieri takes advantage of its conspicuous colouration (as resembling Anemone fish) in order to avoid possible predators. This study examines the ecological and behavioural relationship between the mimicking species C. cuvieri and its model A. bicinctus in the Gulf of Aqaba. Juveniles mimic the colouration of Anemone fish throughout the geographic range of the wrasse. Mimics and models occupy the same habitats and prefer the same depths and reef zones. The wrasse undergoes a transition from the juvenile (mimetic) colouration to the adult species-specific (non-mimetic) colouration when they reach a critical size (the maximum size of the Anemone fish). As typical of mimic-model relationships, mimic wrasses were always less abundant than their model. Mimics were found in loose association with Anemone fish and spatial variation in the abundance of mimics was correlated with models, while the abundance of other wrasses was not. Juvenile wrasses gain a foraging advantage by mimicking Anemone fish which is explained by the decrease of the predation risk and the deception of competitors. Predators recognise the typical Anemone fish colouration and learn not to attack as they experience low catch-per-unit success rates.
Key words. Adaptive colouration, Anemone fish, African Coris, Coral reef fish, protective resemblance, Egypt, Middle East.
New records of freshwater and land molluscs from Lebanon (Mollusca: Gastropoda & Bivalvia)
Abstract: A total of 17 freshwater and 33 land gastropod species as well as 6 small clams from different habitats were found during a study of limnic and terrestrial molluscs in central and northern Lebanon. New records for Lebanon or the Levant countries include Stagnicola cf. berlani (Bourguignat, 1870) sensu Kruglov, 2005, Planorbis carinatus O. F. Müller, 1774, and Potamopyrgus antipodarum (J. E. Gray, 1843) as well as the clams Musculium lacustre (O. F. Müller, 1774), Pisidium amnicum (O. F. Müller, 1774), and Pisidium tenuilineatum Stelfox, 1918. Among the land snails, Orculella mesopotamica riedeli Hausdorf, 1996, Buliminus damascensis (Pallary, 1929), Turanena benjamitica (Benson, 1859), Sphincterochila fimbriata (Bourguignat, 1852), and Monacha cf. compingtae (Pallary, 1929) are new for Lebanon.
Key words. Gastropoda, Bivalvia, Lebanon, freshwater molluscs, landsnails, slugs.
Bilal Öztürk, Banu Bitlis, Meltem Er Filiz
The genus Chrysallida Carpenter, 1856 on the Turkish coasts (Gastropoda: Heterostropha)
Abstract. The examination of benthic material collected from different depths and habitats along the Turkish Levantine, Aegean, and Black Sea coasts between the years 1996 and 2010 revealed 19 species of Chrysallida Carpenter, 1856. Among them, Chrysallida palazzii Micali, 1984 is new to the Levantine Sea and Turkish mollusc fauna, C. terebellum (Philippi, 1844) is new to the Turkish Levantine, Aegean and Black Sea coasts, C. dollfusi (Kobelt, 1903) is new to the Turkish Levantine coast, 7 species [C. decussata (Montagu, 1803), C. flexuosa (Monterosato, 1874), C. incerta (Milaschewitsch, 1916), C. indistincta (Montagu, 1808), C. intermixta (Monterosato, 1884), C. jeffreysiana (Monterosato, 1874), and C. suturalis (Philippi, 1844)] are new reports for the Turkish Aegean coast, and C. fenestrata (Jeffreys, 1848) is new for the Turkish coast of the Black Sea. Two species [C. maiae (Hornung & Mermod, 1924) and C. micronana Öztürk & Aartsen, 2006] are alien species that entered the Mediterranean in last three decades. The identified species, apart from C. obtusa (Brown, 1827) and C. flexuosa, were found to be distributed at depth ranges from 0 to 100 m. The last two species were from deeper waters. C. obtusa was found to have a wide depth range from 5 m to 875 m, whereas C. flexuosa was significant as the deepest species, found at 875 m. Some ecological characteristics and taxonomic remarks, with distribution features of the identified species along the Turkish coasts, are also provided.
Key words. Chrysallida, Mollusca, new records, Levantine Sea, Aegean Sea, Black Sea, Turkey.
Taxonomic studies on the genus Halictus Latreille, 1804 in Turkey (Hymenoptera: Halictidae)
Abstract. Short descriptions of the females and males of all the species of the bee genus Halictus Latreille, 1804 (Halictidae) known from Turkey are given. Dorsal and lateral views of the male genitalia of 18 species were photographed by scanning electron microscope and 12 species by digital camera systems. The morphological differences in the male genitalia are discussed. The female of Halictus (Monilapis) pentheri Blüthgen, 1923 is described for the first time. The West Palaearctic distributions of Halictus species were evaluated. A comparison of regional richness and diversities of the fauna revealed that the Halictus fauna of Turkey constitutes 47% of West Palaearctic elements with 35 species. The Mediterranean region, Middle East and Turkey were established as high diversity regions for Halictus.
Key words. Halictidae, Halictus, systematics, genitalia, SEM, Turkey, Middle East.
Gamal M. Orabi, Fayez M. Semida, Mahmoud S. Abdel-Dayem, Mostafa R. Sharaf, Samy M. Zalat
Diversity patterns of ants along an elevation gradient at St. Catherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
Abstract. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) captured in pitfall traps were compared within and among three altitudinal gradients in St. Catherine Protectorate, south Sinai, Egypt, to study the ant diversity patterns and their relationship with environmental factors. A total of 26,165 specimens of ants belonging to 17 different species were sampled. Our main findings were that (1) there were no significant differences in ant species richness, evenness and Shannon`s diversity index between the three elevation plots; while ant abundance was significantly different between low-elevation plots and both mid- and high-elevation plots, there was no significant difference between mid- and high-elevation plots in terms of ant abundance. (2) TWINSPAN analysis and detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) of the ant fauna indicated that the high-elevation plots were distinctly separated from both mid- and lower-elevation plots according to their ant species composition. (3) CCA showed that both the elevation and the two plant species Acacia raddiana and Casuarina sp. were the significant factors separating the ant species community along their altitudinal gradients. (4) Lepisiota nigra ((Dalla Torre, 1893) (P<0.01), Tetramorium depressiceps Menozzi, 1933 (P<0.05), and Cataglyphis ruber (Forel, 1903) were found at the high-elevation plots; while Camponotus aegyptiacus Emery, 1915 (P<0.02), Cataglyphis sabulosus Kugler, 1981 (P<0.03), and Messor foreli Santschi, 1923 (P<0.05) favoured the low-elevation plots.
Key words. Bioindicators, species richness, vegetation, arid ecosystem, Sinai, Egypt.
Babak Gharali, Neal Evenhuis, Hosseinali Lotfalizadeh
Two new species of the genus Empidideicus Becker, 1907 from northern Iran (Diptera: Mythicomyiidae: Empidideicinae)
Abstract. Two new species, Empidideicus aurantiacus Gharali & Evenhuis, sp. nov. and Empidideicus unicus Gharali & Evenhuis, sp. nov., are described and illustrated from the north of Iran. An updated key to species of Empidideicus Becker, 1907 in Iran and the neighbouring countries gto the north is presented.
Key words. Empidideicus, Empidideicinae, Mythicomyiidae, taxonomy, new species, Iran.
Ünal Zeybekoğlu, Abbas Mol, Murat Karavin
Morphological and acoustic analysis of Cicada Linnaeus, 1758 species in Turkey (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadidae)
Abstract. The morphological characters and the male calling songs of four species of Cicada occurring in Turkey, namely Cicada lodosi Boulard, 1979, C. mordoganensis Boulard, 1979, C. orni (Linnaeus, 1758) and C. permagna (Haupt, 1917), were compared. Figures of the fore body and genitalia, and song oscillograms, are given for each species. Cicada mordoganensis, C. orni and C. permagna are very similar but they clearly differ from C. lodosi. C. permagna was determined as a valid species.
Key words. Cicada lodosi, Cicada mordoganensis, Cicada orni, Cicada permagna, morphology, male calling songs, Turkey.
Nestling diet of the Western Reef Heron, Egretta gularis, in Hara Biosphere Reserve, Persian Gulf
Zoology in the Middle East 54, 2011: 131-1330. | Order article...
Göran Nilson, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani
On the occurrence of Eirenis coronelloides (Jan, 1862) in western Iran (Reptilia: Colubridae)
Zoology in the Middle East 54, 2011: 133-135. | Order article...
Mustafa A. Al-Mukhtar, Laith A. Jawad, Abbas J. Al-Faisal, Fawzei Mustafa
Dotted Grouper, Epinephelus epistictus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842) (Osteichthyes: Serranidae), recorded from the marine waters of Iraq
Zoology in the Middle East 54, 2011: 136-138. | Order article...
Mehmet Gökoglu, Mustafa Ünlüsayın, Beytullah Ahmet Balci, Yasar Özvarol, Halil Colak
Two alien fish in the Gulf of Antalya: Apogon queketti Gilchrist, 1903 (Apogonidae) and Champsodon nudivittis (Ogilby, 1895) (Champsodontidae)
Zoology in the Middle East 54, 2011: 138-140. | Order article...
Sergio Ragonese, Giovanbattista Giusto
Deep water occurrence of Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan, 1850, in the North Levant (Eastern Mediterranean Sea) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae)
Zoology in the Middle East 54, 2011: 141-143. | Order article...
Sinan Anlas, Edward A. Khachikov, Inanc Özgen
On the genus Achenium Leach, 1819 from Turkey and adjacent regions (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Paederinae)
Zoology in the Middle East 54, 2011: 144-146. | Order article...
Mohammad Ali Akrami, Maryam Majidi, Moslem Behmanesh
A new species of oribatid mite from Iran (Acari: Oribatida)
Zoology in the Middle East 54, 2011: 147-149. | Order article...
Bülent Gözcelioglu, Rob van Soest, Peter Proksh, Belma Konuklugil
Contribution to the knowledge of the Demospongiae (Porifera) fauna of Turkey
Zoology in the Middle East 54, 2011: 149-152. | Order article...